How Does Sugar Effect Our Brain?

Since sugar affects our brain by becoming depressed, it also becomes addicted to a sugar high. “massignmenthelp reviews have been known to be more addictive than cocaine because my assignment help reviews activate opiate receptors in our brain and affect the reward center. Then, it leads to irresistible behavior, resulting in weight gain and diabetes” (Murray, 2019). Again, studies show when we eat sweets, we are “reinforcing those opiate pathways and make the brain want to crave more sugar. Similarly, our brain builds up a tolerance like for any other drug (like opium and cocaine) (Ratini, 2018). “In this case, there was an animal testing study testing the rats’ reaction to sugar water.

When the rats drank the sugar water, they developed a binge-like manner and released extracellular dopamine, which makes you feel happy” (Avena, 2008). In particular, an animal study showed “when rats were off from their sugar water, they had symptoms of opiate withdrawal (they had the shakes and their teeth started to chatter). It also happened when the scientists kept the rats on the sugar water but added in a drug which blocked opiate activity. The scientists concluded sugar acts on the brains’ opiate receptors and then cause a real addiction. Even though this happens in rats, it could happen to us too” (McGill University, 2019).

Consequently, another study proved about 75% of Americans eat an excessive amount of sugar, which has been classified as an addiction (Murray, 2019). “Incidently, sugar causes our brain to release endorphins (make us not feel pain), resulting in energy. Since sugar supplies a ‘quick fix’ for a long day, we usually go for it since sugary foods are appetizing. However, when we go for sugar to go through challenging times, we typically become addicted and become obese. But being obese will cause us to have lower self-esteem and lower self-worth because people will make fun of us” (Murray, 2019). Side effects of sugar addiction include “dried-out skin, depression, raised blood sugar, and the destruction of the liver and kidneys” (Dowell, 2017). Foods causing sugar cravings include “many sweets like candy and baked goods since they include excessive amounts of sugar” (Ratini, 2018).

"Foods preventing sugar cravings include chia seeds (include omega-3 fatty acids and soluble fiber, filling up our stomach), yogurt (yogurt helps regulate hunger and control cravings), eggs (more studies have shown a high-protein breakfast reduces hunger and helps us eat less during the day), and whole grains (studies have shown eating whole grains mean living a longer, healthier life and help us feel full) (West, 2018). Furthermore, eating too many sugary products leads to obesity. When you become addicted to sugar, you begin to eat too much food and eventually become obese. Sugar leads to obesity by the fact “added sugars are high in empty calories, which include little to no nutrients and are less filling.

Food with added sugars, like cookies and cakes, also have little to no protein, which helps make us full. Correspondingly, protein helps reduce a hormone called ghrelin, which drives you to eat food and increase our calorie intake. Furthermore, eating too much sugar results in fructose increasing ghrelin levels, and reduces an appetite-suppressing hormone called peptide YY. Nevertheless, sugar raises your blood sugar, hormone levels, and insulin levels, leading to high blood sugar levels impairing cell functions. In contrast, high blood sugar and insulin resistance lead to the interference of leptin, which helps with calorie regulation. Leptin also helps with calorie intake, calorie-burning, fat storage, decrease hunger, and reduce food intake. Furthermore, diets high in added sugars also increase your risk of developing chronic diseases like oxidative stress” (Kubala, 2019).

Likewise, when we increase our weight by two pounds, our risk from developing arthritis increases by around 9 to13%. The American restaurant portion size is four times bigger than the portions in the 1950s. Furthermore, 96% of restaurant entrees have more fat and sodium” (ProCon.org, 2019). “A study which included 19 people showed when they had 10 ounces of a sugary drink, they had an increased response to pictures with high sugar foods, like cookies than people who did not have the drink” (Kubala, 2019). “After all, a study showed when we drink soda or fruit juice for one year, we increase our weight by about 1.55 kilograms. The study concluded the sugar-sweetened beverages changed energy intake, which affects body weight” (Scharf, 2016). Symptoms of obesity include “depression (we may feel unattractive and are subjected to prejudice and ridicule), stroke, osteoarthritis (we can especially be in pain around the knee and hip), insomnia from snoring in our sleep, colon cancer, and endometrial cancer” (Medicine Health, 2019).

Foods causing obesity include low-fat yogurt (sugar is added which is not healthy for our body), low-calorie cereal (includes added sugars and does not have many healthy fats or proteins), packaged diet foods (have preservatives, artificial sweeteners, and unhealthy fats, which are also not good for our body), and diet-specific processed foods (have artificial ingredients and added sugars) (Kubala, 2018). Foods which keep a healthy weight include kale (include calcium, which help contribute to weight loss), oranges (have vitamin C, helping our body dissolve fat), oatmeal (has protein and fiber, which helps the body fight against weight gain), and olive oil (a study showed olive oil has polyphenols, which may help in reducing weight)” (Nowak, 2019). Also, when you become obese, it becomes a risk factor for diabetes.